Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) occurs because of a back flow between the bladder and the kidneys.
Vesicoureteral reflux is a condition that occurs in the urinary tract of children. It can occur prenatally or in a young patient. The condition can be quite serious if left untreated, but there are effective treatments that are commonly used and successful.
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Causes of VUR
- Some children have a congenital abnormality of the valve. This is known as primary VUR.
- A child that is born with normal valves between the bladder and ureters may develop secondary VUR. This condition is due to a urinary tract infection, neurogenic bladder significant voiding dysfunction, or a blockage somewhere along the urinary tract.
Symptoms of VUR
Treatment Options for VUR
- One is an open surgery that involves cutting the ureter and moving it into a different area of the bladder to make a tunnel to prevent the VUR. This can also be done using a robot or laparoscopic approach in some cases. The object is to correct any structural abnormalities.
- An alternative surgical approach is to use a cystoscope and inject a bulking agent to improve the function of the valve between the ureter and bladder.